Greetings Brothers!

One of the most powerful qualities of Langston Hughes’ artistry was his poignancy. His art was clever and piercing; but most of all it was poignant. It contextualized and invoked, and in so doing it moved.

In 1942, Hughes wrote the poem “Merry-Go-Round”. It goes like this:

Where is the Jim Crow section
On this merry-go-round,
Mister, cause I want to ride?
Down South where I come from
White and colored
Can’t sit side by side.
Down South on the train
There’s a Jim Crow car.
On the bus we’re put in the back—
But there ain’t no back
To a merry-go-round!
Where’s the horse
For a kid that’s black?

Five years later, brothers Harry T. Penn, Oliver W. Hill, Luther P. Jackson and others organized the Virginia Civil Rights Organization to, among other important things, ensure black kids could always ride the metaphorical merry-go-round in the “Commonwealth” of Virginia. I looked up the origin of the word commonwealth and learned that it was of English derivation and refers to the common “weal” (well-being) of the public. Penn, Hill, and Jackson through the Virginia Civil Rights Organization set out to make Virginia live up to its name. For a contemporaneous account of the brothers’ agency, check out the attached December 17, 1947 article that appeared in the Kingsport Times (Kingsport, Tennessee). (You will likely need to enlarge or zoom in on the print as it may be challenging to read).

Make it a great week Brothers. Be Noble!

3rd District History and Archives Committee
The Monday Pearl is provided by the Third District History and Archives Committee and is a weekly sharing of fraternity content, commentary, and research of historical value we hope Brothers will enjoy and from which Brothers will draw inspiration. Previous “Pearls” can be found at The Committee encourages your feedback. Should you have reactions, comments, information, anecdotes, documents, and the like, related to any of the content we share, we’d very much like to hear from you. Please send all communication to